Head Trauma Expert Witnesses

Head trauma expert witnesses and consultants listed here may be able to form expert opinions, draft expert witness reports, provide expert witness testimony at deposition and/or trial as or serve as consulting (non-testifying) experts on head trauma. The head trauma expert witness listings on this page are typically from fields/areas of expertise such as: Aquatics Safety, Brain Injury Medicine, Emergency Medical Services, Emergency Medicine, Forensic Psychology, Medical Management, Neurological Surgery, Neurology, Neuropsychology, Otolaryngology, Otology, Pain Management - Medicine, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, and Pediatric Neurology.

JOSEPH M. BELLEZZO, M.D.

San Diego, California
Emergency Medicine, Medical Management - Airway, Central Line, Myocardial Infarction, Heart Attack, Stroke, Appendicitis, Epidural Abscess, Aortic Dissection, Pulmonary Embolism, Ectopic Pregnancy, Head Trauma, Trauma, Testicular Torsion, Ovarian Torsion, CPR, ECPR, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, ACLS, Tendon, Laceration, Chest Pain
Expertise: - Board Certified in Emergency Medicine - American Board of Emergency Medicine - Current practice: full time Emergency Medicine at a suburban, community-based. Level 2 Trauma Center in San Diego, CA - Current position: Chief-of-Staff Elect of the hospital Medical Staff - Current position: Chair of the hospitals Foundation Board of Directors - Current position: Emergency Department ECMO Director - Current hospital board positions: 1. Sharp Healthcare Foundation Board of Directors (Chair) 2. Sharp Healthcare Board of Directors - Current committee positions: 1. Medical Executive Committee, Sharp Memorial Hospital Medical Staff 2. Sharp Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety Committee 3. Sharp Healthcare Information Technology Committee 4. Sharp Geriatric Steering Committee 5. Emergency Department Supervisory Committe...

Rachyll Dempsey, PsyD, ABPP Expedient Medicolegal Services

Oakland, California
Forensic Psychology, Neuropsychology - Independent Medical Examination, Disability Evaluation, Correctional Healthcare, Geriatrics, Neuropsychological Testing and Assessment, Child Development, Malingering Detection, Sex Offender Risk, Personal Injury, Head Trauma, Effects of Trauma, PTSD, Medical Malpractice, Depression, Anxiety
Dr. Rachyll Dempsey,Psy.D., Q.M.E, is a forensic neuropsychologist with offices throughout the San Francisco Bay Area and practicing throughout California. Licensed as a Clinical Psychologist (PSY21261) in 2006, Dr. Dempsey has worked for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, San Quentin; the HOPE Program – Hayward; and for various colleges and universities. She has been a Qualified Medical Evaluator (#135075) since 2014 and an Independent Practitioner (DEM3135) through CASOMB (California Sex Offender Management Board) since 2012. Dr. Dempsey has dedicated her career to building her specialty in psychological and neuropsychological testing and assessment. She has taught at UCSF, Argosy University, St. Mary’s College, and Alliant International University, in addition to offering many continuing education seminars at various conferences. Dr. Dempsey has also assisted in creating, credentialing, and running three separate psychology training programs. Dr. Dempse...

Lorne S. Label, MD, MBA California Neurological Specialists, Inc.

Thousand Oaks, California
Neurology, Pediatric Neurology - Adult and Pediatric Neurology, head trauma, dementia, headaches, ADHD, nerve & muscle diseases

Anne Schmitt, MD

Venice, California
Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medical Services - Emergency Medical Malpractice, EMS, personal injury, medical chart record review, written report, pediatric emergency, head trauma, domestic violence/abuse, Ethics, Peer review, Urgent care, workman's comp, occupational medicine
I am a board certified Emergency Medicine physician with 11 years experience in clinical practice at many different types of hospitals in california, mainly in the Los Angeles area. I have worked at Government hospitals, HMOs (kaiser) as well as community hospitals, and have experience with adults, geriatrics and pediatrics. I was an EMT, ED technician and emergency medicine scribe prior to medical school. I also supervise training resident physicians at the Veterans Hospital as well as nurse practicioners and physician assistants in the community. I have been on the LA Superior Court's panel of Expert Witnesses since 2018, I have been retained in over 25 cases and testified at trial on three occasions, most recently in June 2022. I have worked on cases for Defense as well as civil cases and am comfortable working with plaintiff and defense.

Shawn Zardouz Expedient Medicolegal Services

Santa Ana, California
Neurology, Pain Management - Medicine - Traumatic Brain Injury, Migraine Headaches, Peripheral Nerve Damage, Neuropathy, Seizures, Epilepsy, Dementia, Parkinson's, Multiple Sclerosis, Alzheimer's, Palliative Care, Standard of Care, Whiplash, Concussion, Chronic Pain, Head Trauma, Vertigo, Stroke, Spinal cord injury, Brain Tumor
Dr. Shawn Zardouz is double board certified in Pain Medicine and Neurology. He began his studies at Johns Hopkins University where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in public health. He earned his medical degree from Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan and graduated with a distinction in biomedical research. Dr. Zardouz completed his medicine internship at Loma Linda University Medical Center where he was named intern of the year. He then went on to complete his neurology residency at University of California San Diego (UCSD) and stayed an additional year to complete his pain medicine fellowship at UCSD. Dr. Zardouz has been published in many peer reviewed journals and has presented his findings at several conferences at the national and international levels.

Glenn W Knox, MD, JD, FACS, FACHE University of Florida

Jacksonville, Florida
Otolaryngology, Otology - 3M, Balance, Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leak, Cholesteatoma, Cochlear Implant, Concussion, Deafness, Dizziness, Ear Plug Failure, Facial Nerve Paralysis, Head Trauma, Hearing Loss, Inner Ear Tumor, Medical Device Patent, Menieres, mTBI, Otitis Media, Otoneurology, Temporal Bone Fracture, TBI, Vertigo
Dr. Knox is a double board-certified ear surgeon and trained expert witness with over 40 years of experience treating and operating on ear, balance, and hearing conditions. He has expertise in all common otolaryngologic disorders with special interest in hearing loss, dizziness, and facial paralysis. He most recently served as Associate Professor and Director of the Cochlear Implant Program at UF Health Jacksonville. He is now President of Nitinetics LLC, a consulting firm. In addition to his medical practice, Dr. Knox holds three United States patents and is the author of over sixty publications. Dr. Knox is active in medical research across his field with recent publications focusing on hearing disorders and balance function. Dr. Knox also holds a JD degree from Florida Coastal and is admitted to the Georgia Bar, giving him a unique understanding of the legal implications of the litigation process. Upon contacting Dr. Knox, the first phone call is complementary. Record revie...

Jennifer Kosty Ochsner LSU Shreveport

Florida
Neurological Surgery - Neurological Surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine Surgery, Brain Surgery, Paralysis, Stroke, Brain Tumors, Brain, Spine, Tumors, Death, Spinal Fusion, Lumbar Fusion, Cervical Fusion, Lumbar Discectomy, Pituitary Surgery, Head Trauma, Concussion, Brain Injury, Seizures, Nerve Injury, Spinal Cord Injury
I am a fellowship-trained neurosurgeon in my third year of independent practice at Ochsner LSU Shreveport, where I serve as an Assistant Professor and Director of Skull Base Research. I am also the Clerkship Director in Neurosurgery for medical students and am involved in medical student education. I have experience as an expert witness in disability cases. I have authored a peer-reviewed manuscript on medical-legal issues entitled, "The Medical Review Panel in Louisiana Neurosurgery and Beyond".

Glenn W Knox, MD, JD, FACS, FACHE University of Florida

Georgia
Otolaryngology, Otology - 3M, Balance, Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leak, Cholesteatoma, Cochlear Implant, Concussion, Deafness, Dizziness, Ear Plug Failure, Facial Nerve Paralysis, Head Trauma, Hearing Loss, Inner Ear Tumor, Medical Device Patent, Menieres, mTBI, Otitis Media, Otoneurology, Temporal Bone Fracture, TBI, Vertigo
Dr. Knox is a double board-certified ear surgeon and trained expert witness with over 40 years of experience treating and operating on ear, balance, and hearing conditions. He has expertise in all common otolaryngologic disorders with special interest in hearing loss, dizziness, and facial paralysis. He most recently served as Associate Professor and Director of the Cochlear Implant Program at UF Health Jacksonville. He is now President of Nitinetics LLC, a consulting firm. In addition to his medical practice, Dr. Knox holds three United States patents and is the author of over sixty publications. Dr. Knox is active in medical research across his field with recent publications focusing on hearing disorders and balance function. Dr. Knox also holds a JD degree from Florida Coastal and is admitted to the Georgia Bar, giving him a unique understanding of the legal implications of the litigation process. Upon contacting Dr. Knox, the first phone call is complementary. Record revie...

Jennifer Kosty Ochsner LSU Shreveport

Shrevepot, Louisiana
Neurological Surgery - Neurological Surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine Surgery, Brain Surgery, Paralysis, Stroke, Brain Tumors, Brain, Spine, Tumors, Death, Spinal Fusion, Lumbar Fusion, Cervical Fusion, Lumbar Discectomy, Pituitary Surgery, Head Trauma, Concussion, Brain Injury, Seizures, Nerve Injury, Spinal Cord Injury
I am a fellowship-trained neurosurgeon in my third year of independent practice at Ochsner LSU Shreveport, where I serve as an Assistant Professor and Director of Skull Base Research. I am also the Clerkship Director in Neurosurgery for medical students and am involved in medical student education. I have experience as an expert witness in disability cases. I have authored a peer-reviewed manuscript on medical-legal issues entitled, "The Medical Review Panel in Louisiana Neurosurgery and Beyond".

Seth P Womack, MD, FAAEM

Louisiana
Emergency Medicine, Medical Management - Airway Management, Central Line Placement, Myocardial Infarction, Heart Attack, Stroke, Appendicitis, epidural abscess, aortic dissection, Pulmonary Embolism, Testicular Torsion, Ectopic Pregnancy, Medical Necessity, pediatric emergency, head trauma, billing, cost analysis, emergency trauma, trauma
Board Certified in Emergency Medicine by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Full time practitioner of emergency medicine. Has work experience at a level 1 trauma center and its associated freestanding emergency room. Recognized by the American Academy of Emergency Medicine as having expertise in pediatric, trauma, neurological, and cardiac resuscitation. ATLS, ACLS, BLS, and PALS certified. ATLS course instructor. Completion of The Difficult Airway Course: Emergency™. Undergraduate Degree, Magna Cum Laude, in biomedical engineering. Licensed in Louisiana and Texas. Completed multiple SEAK expert witness training courses. Experienced flight physician. Skilled in utilization of video laryngoscopy for emergency airway management and in bedside ultrasound procedures.

Charles G Murphy, MD CGM PEM Consulting, PLLC

Boston, Massachusetts
Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine - Abdominal Pain, Appendicitis, Community Hospital ER, Emergency Trauma, Fractures, Head Trauma, Pediatric Urgent Care, Pediatrics, Sepsis, Torsion, Trauma, Urgent Care Pediatrics, Wound Care
I have been practicing Pediatric Emergency Medicine since 2006. I have had the opportunity to work in a range of hospital settings - from a local academic community hospital to a quaternary Children's Hospital. I am currently practicing at Tufts Medical Center/Tufts Children's Hospital in Boston, MA. Beyond my clinical work - my current responsibilities include medical education on the resident, medical student and physician assistant levels. I have testified in court and pride myself on my meticulous review of cases as well as an accurate, honest assessment of the case with regards to the standard of care.

Brian Woodruff, MD

East Grand Rapids, Michigan
Pediatric Neurology, Brain Injury Medicine - Child Neurology, Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, HIE, cerebral palsy, stroke, hypoxic brain injury, seizures, life expectancy, medical necessity, timing of injury, perinatal/birth asphyxia, concussions, headaches, intracranial hemorrhage, epilepsy, head trauma, developmental delay
Board-certified pediatric neurologist in active clinical practice. Michigan and Wisconsin trained. Award-winning teacher. Michigan State University – College of Human Medicine school faculty. Extensive expert witness experience – testified in over 100 cases.

Jack E. Hubbard, MD, PhD IME, Inc

Plymouth, Minnesota
Neurology, Pain Management - Medicine - head trauma and concussion, spine pain, headache, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), myofascial pain syndrome, myofacial trigger points
multiple publications in both medical and medical-legal journals Co-author of three volume set in the ABA Medical Legal Guides series published by the American Bar Association titled Head Trauma and Brain Injury for Lawyers, The Spine for Lawyers, and Clinical Anatomy for Lawyers Co-author of Anatomy and Physiology for Legal Professionals

Glenn W Knox, MD, JD, FACS, FACHE University of Florida

Missouri
Otolaryngology, Otology - 3M, Balance, Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leak, Cholesteatoma, Cochlear Implant, Concussion, Deafness, Dizziness, Ear Plug Failure, Facial Nerve Paralysis, Head Trauma, Hearing Loss, Inner Ear Tumor, Medical Device Patent, Menieres, mTBI, Otitis Media, Otoneurology, Temporal Bone Fracture, TBI, Vertigo
Dr. Knox is a double board-certified ear surgeon and trained expert witness with over 40 years of experience treating and operating on ear, balance, and hearing conditions. He has expertise in all common otolaryngologic disorders with special interest in hearing loss, dizziness, and facial paralysis. He most recently served as Associate Professor and Director of the Cochlear Implant Program at UF Health Jacksonville. He is now President of Nitinetics LLC, a consulting firm. In addition to his medical practice, Dr. Knox holds three United States patents and is the author of over sixty publications. Dr. Knox is active in medical research across his field with recent publications focusing on hearing disorders and balance function. Dr. Knox also holds a JD degree from Florida Coastal and is admitted to the Georgia Bar, giving him a unique understanding of the legal implications of the litigation process. Upon contacting Dr. Knox, the first phone call is complementary. Record revie...

MARK S WAGNER, Ph.D. WAGNER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATES

New Jersey
Neuropsychology, Vocational Rehabilitation - Cognitive, Traumatic Brain Injury, Concussion, Head Trauma, neurocognitive disorders, seizure disorders, psychological, learning disabilities, emotional distress, job assessment, vocational assessment, psychological testing, psychological assessment, neuropsychological assessment, memory impairment
I am licensed as a psychologist in both Pennsylvania and New Jersey; and board certified as both a clinical neuropsychologist and vocational expert with the American Board of Professional Neuropsychology and the American Board of Vocational Experts. I provide for comprehensive neuropsychological and vocational evaluations for individuals (children, adolescents, adults) presenting with various forms of learning disabilities, developmental disabilities, traumatic brain injuries, memory loss, cognitive impairment, concussions, attention problems, acquired brain injuries, competency issues and dementia. when performing a neuropsychological evaluation, these evaluations are focused on identifying areas of neurocognitive strength and weakness. Focus is not only on the degree or nature of the impairment that the individual presents with, but also how this impacts the individual’s activities of daily living. This includes the ability to return to school or work; and also the individu...

Glenn W Knox, MD, JD, FACS, FACHE University of Florida

New York
Otolaryngology, Otology - 3M, Balance, Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leak, Cholesteatoma, Cochlear Implant, Concussion, Deafness, Dizziness, Ear Plug Failure, Facial Nerve Paralysis, Head Trauma, Hearing Loss, Inner Ear Tumor, Medical Device Patent, Menieres, mTBI, Otitis Media, Otoneurology, Temporal Bone Fracture, TBI, Vertigo
Dr. Knox is a double board-certified ear surgeon and trained expert witness with over 40 years of experience treating and operating on ear, balance, and hearing conditions. He has expertise in all common otolaryngologic disorders with special interest in hearing loss, dizziness, and facial paralysis. He most recently served as Associate Professor and Director of the Cochlear Implant Program at UF Health Jacksonville. He is now President of Nitinetics LLC, a consulting firm. In addition to his medical practice, Dr. Knox holds three United States patents and is the author of over sixty publications. Dr. Knox is active in medical research across his field with recent publications focusing on hearing disorders and balance function. Dr. Knox also holds a JD degree from Florida Coastal and is admitted to the Georgia Bar, giving him a unique understanding of the legal implications of the litigation process. Upon contacting Dr. Knox, the first phone call is complementary. Record revie...

Jennifer Kosty Ochsner LSU Shreveport

New York
Neurological Surgery - Neurological Surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine Surgery, Brain Surgery, Paralysis, Stroke, Brain Tumors, Brain, Spine, Tumors, Death, Spinal Fusion, Lumbar Fusion, Cervical Fusion, Lumbar Discectomy, Pituitary Surgery, Head Trauma, Concussion, Brain Injury, Seizures, Nerve Injury, Spinal Cord Injury
I am a fellowship-trained neurosurgeon in my third year of independent practice at Ochsner LSU Shreveport, where I serve as an Assistant Professor and Director of Skull Base Research. I am also the Clerkship Director in Neurosurgery for medical students and am involved in medical student education. I have experience as an expert witness in disability cases. I have authored a peer-reviewed manuscript on medical-legal issues entitled, "The Medical Review Panel in Louisiana Neurosurgery and Beyond".

Vijay Prasad, MD, MPH

Brooklyn, New York
Emergency Medical Services, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - pediatric transport, pediatrics, ambulance, air ambulance, helicopter ambulance, prehospital care, paramedics, EMS, CPR, PALS, NRP, Airway Management, Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Head Trauma, Motor Vehicle Trauma, Respiratory Failure, Sedation Failure, Seizures, Sepsis, Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
Dr. Vijay Prasad is a Board Certified Pediatrician with Special Qualification in Pediatric Emergency Transport. He served as an attending physician on the Alan Purwin Emergency Transport Team at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles for five years, where he specialized in the medical care of critically ill and injured neonatal and pediatric patients to higher levels of care via fixed wing, rotor wing and ground ambulance transport. This unique position gave him experience with specialized transport medical equipment and protocols designed specifically for transport. He has previously authored review articles on Pediatric Transport practices geared towards educating Emergency Medicine physicians and has significant case review experience as a lead in Morbidity and Mortality conferences. He is certified in Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS), Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) and Neonatal Resuscitation (NRP) Currently, he practices as a pediatrician in New York City, and holds an ...

MARK S WAGNER, Ph.D. WAGNER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATES

JENKINTOWN, Pennsylvania
Neuropsychology, Vocational Rehabilitation - Cognitive, Traumatic Brain Injury, Concussion, Head Trauma, neurocognitive disorders, seizure disorders, psychological, learning disabilities, emotional distress, job assessment, vocational assessment, psychological testing, psychological assessment, neuropsychological assessment, memory impairment
I am licensed as a psychologist in both Pennsylvania and New Jersey; and board certified as both a clinical neuropsychologist and vocational expert with the American Board of Professional Neuropsychology and the American Board of Vocational Experts. I provide for comprehensive neuropsychological and vocational evaluations for individuals (children, adolescents, adults) presenting with various forms of learning disabilities, developmental disabilities, traumatic brain injuries, memory loss, cognitive impairment, concussions, attention problems, acquired brain injuries, competency issues and dementia. when performing a neuropsychological evaluation, these evaluations are focused on identifying areas of neurocognitive strength and weakness. Focus is not only on the degree or nature of the impairment that the individual presents with, but also how this impacts the individual’s activities of daily living. This includes the ability to return to school or work; and also the individu...

Andrew Nathanson, MD, FACEP, FAWM

Bristol, Rhode Island
Emergency Medicine, Aquatics Safety - Intubation, MI, Heart Attack, Stroke, Sepsis, Appendicitis, Epidural abscess, Aortic dissection, DVT, Pulmonary Embolism, Ischemia,Testicular Torsion, Fracture, Ectopic Pregnancy, head trauma, emergency trauma, Intracranial Hemorrhage. Wilderness medicine, Drowning, Sailing injuries, Surfing injury.
I am a Board Certified in Emergency Medicine since 1994. I am a Clinical Professor of Emergency Medicine, working full-time clinically at 2 at hospitals for the last 28 years. One, a busy urban academic trauma center, the other a community hospital. I attended Ivy league College and am professor at an Ivy league medical school. Over my career I have been: Director of Quality Assurance, Chair of Morbidity and Mortality conference, served on the BOD, led a Medical School course, served on Peer-Review committees for insurance companies, taught hundreds of Emergency Medicine Residents, and been recipient of numerous teaching and research awards. I have been a Fellow in the American College of Emergency Medicine since 1997. I lecture nationally on Error Reduction in emergency medicine, and internationally on Wilderness Medicine topics and have been a Fellow in the Academy of Wilderness Medicine (FAWM) since 2013 . I am the author of over a dozen peer-reviewed publications, a book, and ...

Jonathan J Halford, MD Medical University of South Carolina

Mount Pleasant, South Carolina
Neurology, Psychiatry - seizure, epilepsy, EEG, neurophysiology, sleep medicine, general neurology, headache, neuropathy, encephalopathy, psychiatry, head trauma, memory disorders, stroke
Professor of Neurology, Psychiatry, and Behavioral Sciences at the Medical University of South Carolina. Staff Neurologist at Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Medical Center. Board certified in Neurology, Psychiatry, Epilepsy, Sleep Medicine, and Clinical Neurophysiology. Practiced general neurology, epilepsy subspecialty, and clinical neurophysiology clinical care since 2003. Multiple publications in neurology, epilepsy, EEG and sleep medicine.

Seth P Womack, MD, FAAEM

Tyler, Texas
Emergency Medicine, Medical Management - Airway Management, Central Line Placement, Myocardial Infarction, Heart Attack, Stroke, Appendicitis, epidural abscess, aortic dissection, Pulmonary Embolism, Testicular Torsion, Ectopic Pregnancy, Medical Necessity, pediatric emergency, head trauma, billing, cost analysis, emergency trauma, trauma
Board Certified in Emergency Medicine by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Full time practitioner of emergency medicine. Has work experience at a level 1 trauma center and its associated freestanding emergency room. Recognized by the American Academy of Emergency Medicine as having expertise in pediatric, trauma, neurological, and cardiac resuscitation. ATLS, ACLS, BLS, and PALS certified. ATLS course instructor. Completion of The Difficult Airway Course: Emergency™. Undergraduate Degree, Magna Cum Laude, in biomedical engineering. Licensed in Louisiana and Texas. Completed multiple SEAK expert witness training courses. Experienced flight physician. Skilled in utilization of video laryngoscopy for emergency airway management and in bedside ultrasound procedures.

Jack E. Hubbard, MD, PhD IME, Inc

Wisconsin
Neurology, Pain Management - Medicine - head trauma and concussion, spine pain, headache, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), myofascial pain syndrome, myofacial trigger points
multiple publications in both medical and medical-legal journals Co-author of three volume set in the ABA Medical Legal Guides series published by the American Bar Association titled Head Trauma and Brain Injury for Lawyers, The Spine for Lawyers, and Clinical Anatomy for Lawyers Co-author of Anatomy and Physiology for Legal Professionals

Seth P Womack, MD, FAAEM

Wisconsin
Emergency Medicine, Medical Management - Airway Management, Central Line Placement, Myocardial Infarction, Heart Attack, Stroke, Appendicitis, epidural abscess, aortic dissection, Pulmonary Embolism, Testicular Torsion, Ectopic Pregnancy, Medical Necessity, pediatric emergency, head trauma, billing, cost analysis, emergency trauma, trauma
Board Certified in Emergency Medicine by the American Board of Emergency Medicine. Full time practitioner of emergency medicine. Has work experience at a level 1 trauma center and its associated freestanding emergency room. Recognized by the American Academy of Emergency Medicine as having expertise in pediatric, trauma, neurological, and cardiac resuscitation. ATLS, ACLS, BLS, and PALS certified. ATLS course instructor. Completion of The Difficult Airway Course: Emergency™. Undergraduate Degree, Magna Cum Laude, in biomedical engineering. Licensed in Louisiana and Texas. Completed multiple SEAK expert witness training courses. Experienced flight physician. Skilled in utilization of video laryngoscopy for emergency airway management and in bedside ultrasound procedures.